文章摘要
张鸣生,许伟成,林仲民,陈茵.颈椎病临床评价量表的信度与效度研究[J].中华物理医学与康复杂志,2003,(3):.-
颈椎病临床评价量表的信度与效度研究
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 颈椎病  临床评价  信度  敏感度  效度
英文关键词: Cervical spondylosis  Clinical assessment  Reliability  Responsiveness  Validity
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作者单位
张鸣生,许伟成,林仲民,陈茵 510220广州暨南大学医学院第四附属医院康复科 
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中文摘要:
      目的制定一种对颈椎病患者的症状、体征和功能状态进行临床评估的临床评价量表(CASCS),并探讨其在颈椎病临床评价中的信度及效度。 方法对92例颈椎病患者(实验组)应用CASCS与Vernon颈椎残障指数量表(NDI)进行信度、效度和敏感度分析,同时应用CASCS对20例正常人(对照组)进行评测。并对颈椎病患者康复治疗前、后的CASCS评测结果进行对比分析。 结果CASCS总积分与各条目积分间的组内相关系数(ICC)为0.78~0.99,信度系数Cronbach α为0.84。该量表与NDI有较好的相关性(r=0.76,P<0.01)。康复治疗前,颈椎病患者与正常人的CASCS评价结果间有极显著性差异(t=14.76,P<0.01)。颈椎病患者康复治疗前、后的CASCS评测结果间有极显著性差异(t=21.03,P<0.01)。 结论CASCS具有较高的信度、效度和敏感度,是临床评价颈椎病的一种客观、行之有效的方法。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the reliability and validity of a clinical assessment scale for cervical spondylosis (CASCS) developed by the authors which can objectively evaluate the symptoms, signs and functional status of the patients. MethodsA total of92 cervical spondylosis patients were measured by CASCS and neck disability index (NDI), 20 healthy volunteers were measured by CASCS only. For reliability test, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC)and Cronbach α coefficient were studied. For validity, the correlation coefficient between CASCS and NDI was analyzed, and the results obtained by use of CASCS in the patients and normal volunteers before physiotherapy were compared. For responsiveness, the results with CASCS in the patients before and after physiotherapy were analyzed. ResultsICC of the total scores and each item scores of CASCS was 0.78~0.99, Cronbach α coefficient was 0.84.CASCS had a positive correlation with NDI (r=0.76,P<0.01). There was a very significant difference between the results of CASCS obtained from the patients and the healthy volunteers (t=14.76,P<0.01). The results of CASCS obtained from the patients before and after physiotherapy were significantly different (t=21.03,P<0.01). The size effect was 1.08. ConclusionThe CASCS demonstrated very good reliability, validity and responsiveness. It provided an objective and useful instrument in the clinical evaluation of patients with cervical spondylosis.
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